James Robert “Rabbit” Fulghum has a long list of accomplishments, accolades, and Hall of Fame inductions that have made him a legend in the sport of baseball in the state of North Carolina.
A native of Rock Ridge – also the hometown of former Gov. Jim Hunt – he was the second of eight children born to Rayford and Bettie Mae Fulghum. He played baseball and basketball in high school and was coached by his lifetime role model, Onnie Cockrell.
Following high school, “Rabbit” – so nicknamed by his high school coaches because of his quickness – attended Atlantic Christian College (now Barton College), where he was the starting catcher on the Bulldogs’ baseball team. His first teaching job after college was at North Edgecombe High School in 1961, where he coached junior varsity and varsity girls’ basketball, plus boys’ varsity basketball in addition to baseball.
Fulghum successfully led the boys’ basketball team to the district tournament championship game, where it was beaten on a last-second shot. The following season – it was 1962-63 – North Edgecombe got its revenge, winning the state championship to cap a remarkable 30-1 record.
In August 1964, Fulghum moved to the Greene County community of Snow Hill, where he continued his thriving coaching career at Greene Central High School. There he coached many of the Rams’ teams: girls’ basketball and softball and boys’ basketball and baseball. He also served as athletics director for 38 years.
It was in Snow Hill where “Rabbit” Fulghum truly made a name for himself. The Rams won five state baseball championships under his watchful eye, and in 1973 he helped start an American Legion baseball team in Greene County.
A legend in eastern North Carolina, Fulghum is a member of numerous halls of fame: George Whitfield Baseball Clinic Hall of Fame; American Legion Baseball Hall of Fame; Barton College Hall of Fame; United States Specialty Sports Association (USSSA); and North Carolina High School Athletic Association (NCHSAA). Further, in 2007 he was inducted into the North Carolina Baseball Coaches Association Hall of Fame; and in 2013, he was selected as one of the “One Hundred Coaches Who Have Made a Difference” in commemoration of the NCHSAA’s 100th year anniversary.
Fulghum is married to his supportive wife, Janette, and they are the loving parents of three children. Son James “Jabo” learned to love the game of baseball as a result of the influence of his father’s successful career and today serves as the head baseball coach and athletics director at Eastern Wayne High School in Wayne County. Daughter Jackie Fulghum Music is director of home-based services at Vidant Home Health & Hospice in Greenville. Their third child, Joy, died from a brain tumor at the age of six, but Fulghum attributes much of his inspiration to his daughter, whom “taught me how to live each day to the fullest.”
Additionally, the Fulghums have two grandsons, Macon and Colton, both of whom chose to play high school baseball, and two granddaughters, Brynn and Kaelyn, each of whom share their grandfather’s love of “ball” as well.
Tommy Helms had his baseball baptism in the tiny community of Leaksville (now Eden), where he served as the batboy for his father’s team in a mill league. “We had four major league players come out of there in the years after World War II,” he recalls. “Whitey Lockman, Ken Wood, Pete Whiseant and me. Must have been something in the water.”
By the time he reached high school, Helms was excelling in baseball and basketball at West Mecklenburg High School near Charlotte, where he received all-city honors in both sports. It was his performance on the diamond as a shortstop that earned him a professional contract.
“I was scouted by the Cubs, Indians, Senators and the Reds, and signed with Cincinnati,” Helms says. “They sent me to Palatka, Florida, Class D ball, the lowest rung on the minor league ladder. That’s where they started everybody back then.” Helms, who had just turned 18, needed the seasoning. He played for Palatka for two seasons and then began moving up the rungs of the minor leagues. In 1962, he was in Class A ball, on the Macon, Georgia, farm club; his double-play partner at second base was Pete Rose.
A year later Rose was in the big leagues, winning Rookie of the Year honors for Cincinnati, and a year after that, on September 23, 1964, Tommy Helms made his major league debut. Two years later, Helms, now targeted for second base, became a starter. But that meant moving Rose to a different position. “They moved Pete off second and put him at third to start the season,” Helms says. “But Pete didn’t like third and after about two weeks, we switched positions. It was unusual. I’d come up as a shortstop, then they moved me to second and now I was playing third. I’d never played third base.”
But Helms made it look easy, so easy in fact he was named the National League’s Rookie of the Year in 1966. He followed up that honor by being selected to the 1967 National League all-star team, and he was named the starting second baseman for the following year’s mid-summer classic.
He joined several of his teammates on those all-star teams. The Reds had a talented group of youngsters reaching the big leagues in the mid-1960s: Rose, Tony Perez, Lee May, Gary Nolan, and a young catcher out of Oklahoma by the name of Johnny Bench. By the late 1960s, the Reds lineup was leading the league in offense and it had been dubbed “The Big Red Machine.”
The Reds were also one of the best defensive teams in baseball, and Helms, by this time back at second base (with Rose at third), led the way in the infield. He won Gold Gloves in 1970 and 1971, when the competition included players such as future Hall of Famers Bill Mazeroski and Joe Morgan (then with the Houston Astros). His 1971 performance included turning 130 double plays, which remains a Cincinnati club record for most double plays in one season by a second baseman.
Despite winning the National League pennant in 1970, the Reds decided, after a lackluster 1971 season, to shake up their lineup by adding more speed. Although he had just won his second Gold Glove and hit .258, the Reds included Helms in a blockbuster trade with Houston that involved eight players. Cincinnati acquired Morgan and four other players, but gave up the popular Helms and slugging first baseman Lee May.
Helms was the Astros’ starting second baseman for the next three years. He retired in 1977 with a career batting average of .269. Never considered a home run hitter, he still managed to hit homers off Hall of Famers Jim Bunning, Phil Niekro, Steve Carlton and Ferguson Jenkins. Helms also hit the first home run by a Red at Riverfront Stadium; it came in the second game at the new ballpark on July 1, 1970.
A few years after his retirement Helms was back in baseball, coaching for manager Don Zimmer on the staff of the Texas Rangers. His old team, the Reds, invited him to join their coaching staff in 1983, where he served as infield instructor and first base coach for seven years.
Baseball talent continues to run in the family. Tommy’s two sons, Ryan and Tommy Jr., both signed professional contracts and appeared in the minor leagues in the early 1990s.
Dr. Jerry McGee is a native of Rockingham and spent his youth in the textile village of Roberdell. He was an outstanding baseball player, but his major contributions to sports have been as a university president and one of the nation’s most respected college football officials. [more…]
Sam Esposito came to N.C. State in the fall of 1966 and ushered in the modern era of Wolfpack baseball. [more…]
The Elon resident began his baseball managing career in 1955 in Fayetteville and ended it in October 2005 when he retired as manager of the Florida Marlins. He led Marlins to the 2003 World Series title at age of 74. He won 1,146 games as a minor league manager, then had stints in the majors with Kansas City, Oakland, and Cincinnati. He was called “Trader Jack” while the VP for baseball operations in San Diego (1980-90). [more…]
Dave Bristol never made it to the major leagues as a player, but became a manager in the Cincinnati Reds farm system in 1957. He won the Pacific Coast League pennant as San Diego’s manager at the age of 31. He became the youngest major league manager in 1966 when he took over as skipper of the Reds. After three and a half years, Cincinnati fired Bristol, despite winning 53% of his games. He also managed at Milwaukee, Atlanta, and San Francisco. [more…]
Baseball coach at UNC-Chapel Hill for 27 years where his teams captured six Southern Conference championships. Played six years in the majors as a pitcher with Cardinals, Giants, Pirates and Braves with a 13-24 record. [more…]
Helped pitch Boston Red Sox to pennants in 1915-16 with 33-18 record for two seasons, a 3-1 World Series record and 1.82 Series ERA. Had career ERA of 2.45. Pitched perfect game against Washington Senators in 1917. [more…]
Called baseball’s greatest hustler for many years with St. Louis Cardinals and New York Yankees. Batted .300 lifetime, played in five World Series, and scored winning run in 7th game of 1946. Inducted into baseball’s Hall of Fame in 1985. Died 2002. [more…]
Outstanding pitcher at Cary and Clayton High Schools and Wake Forest. Spent 10 years with Detroit Tigers and played on 2 American League champions. Coached NC State baseball teams for 21 years, compiling a 223-195 record. [more…]
Tarboro native and second baseman on St. Louis Cardinals Gas House Gang teams 1933-35, playing for one World Series winner. Also played on two New York Giants pennant winners. Played in two All-Star games. Batted .266 lifetime. [more…]
During 21-year career as baseball’s top reliever, pitched in more games than any other major leaguer in history (1,070) through 1997. Won 142 games with a lifetime ERA of 2.52. Starred in both leagues. Member baseball HOF. [more…]
Batted .311 lifetime in nine major league seasons, including .337 in 1940 with Chicago White Sox. As of 1997 still held major league record for most consecutive games with an RBI (13). Had 97 RBI for White Sox in 1941 [more…]
Jamestown native had 10-year major league career. Considered the best fielding second baseman in the 1930s. Led the majors in double plays (with Arky Vaughan) at Pittsburgh in 1938. [more…]
Appeared in 535 games during 19-year major league pitching career, winning 186. Had 12-0 season for New York Yankees in 1929. Won three World Series games. Threw pitch that Babe Ruth hit for 60th home run in 1927. [more…]
Native of Lenoir known for his 15-game winning streak in 1937 and the infamous shirtsleeve incident with the Cleveland Indians in 1938. Spent 13 years as a major league pitcher, achieving a lifetime 142-75 record. Appeared in two World Series with New York Yankees (1932) and Brooklyn (1941) [more…]
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Caroleen native who spent 18 years in the major leagues with five different teams. Compiled .295 lifetime batting average. Hit 21 home runs in 1955. One of the all-time leaders in pinch hits with 145 during his career. [more…]
Standout performer for the New York Giants for 13 years. Hit key run-scoring double in dramatic 1951 National League playoff game against the Brooklyn Dodgers. Managed the Chicago Cubs for 3 years. [more…]
Star pitcher at Wake Forest, who went on to compile an 85-69 record in 13 seasons in the major leagues. Had 1-1 record in four World Series appearances, all with the New York Yankees. Had a 16-5 record and a 15-7 mark for his best seasons. [more…]
Native of Oxford pitched 14 years in majors with Cardinals, Phillies and Pirates. In two World Series with Pirates in 1925 & 1927 when he had identical 19-10 records both years. Had nearly 200 career wins but only one 20-win season. [more…]
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Apex native who played three sports at N.C. State before becoming involved with minor league baseball for over 50 years as a player, manager, general manager, and umpire. Was president of Carolina League for six years. [more…]
For much of the second half of the 20th century, Tony Lee Cloninger, a big right-handed pitcher with a blazing fastball, occasionally had difficulty talking about his 113 career victories, his 24-11 season in 1965, or the fact that he was Atlanta’s starter in the first major league game ever played in the South. [more…]
Cy Young Award winner in both American League and National League. Pitched 300th victory May 6, 1982. Among all-time major league leaders in victories (314) and strikeouts (3,534). Inducted in baseball’s Hall of Fame in 1991. [more…]
Served as head baseball coach at Duke for 24 years, following a 14-year career as a major league pitcher. Compiled a 159-110 record with three different teams. Appeared in three World Series. Starred in five sports at Colby College in Maine. [more…]
He and Gaylord formed one of major league baseball’s most famous brother acts of all time. Won Cy Young Award in American League in 1971, when he posted a 1.92 ERA and pitched 24 victories for Cleveland. Winner of 215 major league games. [more…]
Durham native and the only major league player/coach to earn four World Series rings with four different teams. Pitched 12 seasons for six NL teams and managed at San Diego and San Francisco. Won 1989 World Series with Giants. [more…]
Pitched 11 years in the Major Leagues with Washington and Detroit and compiled a 167-115 record. Won 26 games in 1930 and 24 in 1933. Played in three World Series. Winston-Salem native pitched in the first All-Star game in 1933. [more…]
Caught 1,884 major league games over 18 seasons with Boston Red Sox, Senators, and St. Louis Browns. Started first All-Star game in 1933. Durham native, longtime executive with Detroit Tigers. Inducted into Baseball HOF in 1984. [more…]
Pitching brother of Rick. Played 15 years in majors and had six seasons with 20 wins or more, four with Cleveland and two with Boston Red Sox. Pitched no-hitter in 1931. Among best hitting pitchers with 38 career home runs. One of the inaugural inductees into N.C. Sports Hall of Fame in 1963. [more…]
A Concord native and a 15-year versatile major leaguer. Played 7 positions in 10 years with the Boston Red Sox. Won the American League batting title in 1950. Compiled a .300 batting average for his career [more…]
Hertford native who won 224 major league games and pitched in six World Series, three for Oakland A’s and three for New York Yankees. Cy Young Award winner in 1974 with 25-12 record. Pitched perfect game May 8, 1968. Selected to Baseball HOF in 1987. [more…]
Believed to be the State’s first “home grown” major league baseball player. Nicknamed “Long Charlie.” Played from 1876 to 1888 with a .299 batting average. Had 55 home runs for his career. First to hit two homers in same inning. [more…]
Goldsboro native who played baseball and basketball at UNC-Chapel Hill. Pitched seven years with Brooklyn and Cincinnati. Managed for five years at San Francisco, Atlanta and New York Yankees and has served as Yankees executive for 23 years. [more…]
Played 14 seasons in the major leagues, mainly with St. Louis Cardinals. Won 108 games, including a 2-1 World Series record. Struck out 25 in 31 innings in three World Series. Led National League in all pitching categories in 1946 before jumping to Mexico. [more…]
First North Carolinian inducted into the Baseball HOF in 1972. Known as the “Black Lou Gehrig” , he starred for the Homestead (Pa.) Grays and Brooklyn Royal Giants from 1933-50. Was on nine consecutive Negro National League championship teams. [more…]